Bee Allergen Datasheet

Scientific name: Apis mellifera

Common name: Bee

Family: Apidae


Apis mellifera, commonly known as the bee, is a very common insect. Believed to have originated in Africa, most likely this primitive species spread from France throughout Central Europe, north of the Alps, the British Isles, southern Scandinavia, down to the Ural mountains.

Worker bees can have a length between 1.1 and 1.5 cm with a light orange and dark brown coloring.

You can often see bees on flowering plants, on sources of sugar (honeydew, etc.) or on pools of water during hot days. Bees build nests in beehives or sometimes in hollow trees or cracks in the walls of buildings. Bees can attack en mass if not too far from their hives.

A peculiar characteristic of the Apis mellifera is the serrated stinger. The stinger is barbed so that it lodges in the victim’s skin, tearing loose from the bee’s abdomen and leading to its death in minutes.

Distribution: Throughout Italy.

Period of exposure to allergens: All year round.

Allergy testing: Allergic reactions to bee venom can be severe enough to cause anaphylactic shock, which can be fatal.

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